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Sentinel Social Screens

Seeking to minimize risk is a key element of our integrated investment process. It is driven by the belief that evaluating a company's record of corporate responsibility helps reduce risk and can contribute to our investment success. We believe companies with strong fundamentals that actively work to evaluate and report on the costs and benefits of sustainability initiatives may pose less risk to long-term investors. We recognize there are no perfect companies and companies actively working to mitigate and improve their social and environmental impacts are not to be summarily dismissed from investment consideration.

Our fundamental analysis—coupled with our corporate, social and environmental evaluation—provides a unique and more comprehensive view of the companies we consider for investment, and helps us identify more forward thinking and potentially more promising companies.

The initial review is conducted by Sentinel's equity analysts who assess whether or not companies:

  • Produce tobacco or tobacco products;

  • Produce alcoholic beverages;

  • Produce power from nuclear power plants or are primary suppliers for the industry;

  • Have material interests in the manufacture of weapons or weapons-specific components;

  • Are involved in gambling as a main line of business;

  • Lack diversity at the level of the board of directors/senior management.

Companies with material involvement in these areas are eliminated from further qualitative review and investment consideration. Additionally, U.S. and Canadian companies, as well as foreign companies operating internationally, that lack one element of diversity at the level of the board of directors or within the top tiers of management are not considered for investment.

Companies that pass through the initial review are eligible to be purchased by the fund. Companies are then submitted to our sustainable investing team for a more in-depth qualitative review. Through a disciplined process, our research analysts produce a detailed evaluation of corporate policies and practices culled from diverse data sources and direct dialog with the company under review.

It is our review and analysis of both the fundamental and corporate behavior that we believe helps us identify the most promising companies and manage investment risk. No investment is ever made for social reasons alone, and all holdings are monitored to ensure our standards for corporate responsibility are met. If a company fails the qualitative screening process, the company is no longer eligible for investment and must be sold if it is held in any of the funds. Securities are rescreened when we have new information that suggests a change in facts that could affect the social research decision.




Qualitative Screens

The inclusion of Sentinel's extensive qualitative screening in the investment process is to seek to identify companies with useful products, strong corporate governance practices, a history of environmental stewardship and good employee and community relations. In each area our research focuses on whether or not a pattern of violations, large fines or other liabilities and lawsuits exist, which can affect shareholder value. In particular we evaluate:

Business Practices and Corporate Governance
We assess each company’s operations, including compliance with laws and regulations and overall transparency and disclosure practices. Companies that are frequently involved in disputes over anti-trust allegations, boycotts and various forms of fraud generally spend more time and resources defending their practices in lawsuits and other legal actions. Poor business practices can also harm a company’s reputation and hurt shareholder value. Studies have shown that transparent, independent and responsive leadership at companies is associated with higher financial returns over time compared to other companies in the peer group.

  • We favor companies that are responsive to consumer and public concerns and that market their products responsibly. We seek to invest in companies that demonstrate “best practices” related to board independence and elections, auditor independence, executive compensation, expensing of options, voting rights and other important governance issues.

  • We consider the social impact of a company's product line, with particular attention to safety and quality issues. We seek companies with strong records of compliance and that do not have a poor record of regulatory violations for their products or services.


Environmental Performance
We evaluate a company’s environmental performance by looking at both overall environmental impact and environmental stewardship/management. We examine toxic releases, climate change impacts, and biodiversity impacts. The legal/fines and management review explores the company’s ability to manage and minimize its environmental impacts. In addition to reducing their negative effects on the environment, companies with proactive environmental efforts also reduce their risk of environmental fines, liabilities and/or lawsuits that may threaten shareholder value.

  • We consider each company’s environmental impact based on its historical performance, current policies and industry standards. We seek companies with exceptional environmental records in the context of these criteria.

  • We also favor companies that have minimal impact on the environment. We look for companies with rigorous environmental policies that are carefully monitored and for companies that engage in proactive environmental initiatives.


Human Rights
A company’s record on human rights and discrimination issues helps us identify whether a company may have risks associated with time and resources being spent defending their practices in lawsuits and other legal actions. We also monitor employee turnover, which can affect productivity, sales and profitability.

A poor human rights record and discrimination against customers and employees can also harm a company’s reputation and hurt shareholder value. Such problems can lead to increased turnover, which in turn can affect productivity.

  • We seek to avoid companies that permit the use of child labor, forced labor or other abuses in the manufacture of their products.

  • We look for companies that have, and enforce codes of conduct and vendor standards for their subcontractors, overseas operations and suppliers.

Diversity and Equal Opportunity
A growing number of studies have shown that greater diversity among employees and management is associated with better financial performance. A 1998 study by Hillman, Harris, Cannella and Bellinger found that S&P 500 companies with more diversity had better stock returns with less risk of loss to shareholders. The companies with the most women and minority directors produced gains 21% higher than companies with no diversity. After a company passes Sentinel's initial diversity review, our research analysts evaluate a company’s management diversity, as well as a company’s policies and practices to promote greater employee diversity.

  • We seek to avoid companies with a pattern of discrimination based on age, gender, religion, race, disability or sexual orientation.

  • We favor companies that promote equal opportunity and that actively recruit, hire and promote individuals in order to create a diverse workforce.


Labor
We evaluate how management treats its employees as it relates to health and safety, labor relations, benefits and supplier issues. Poor working conditions may lead to injuries or illnesses and thus to lost time or fines for non-compliance. Tension in labor-management relations can lead to strikes and reduced productivity. Dissatisfaction with working conditions, benefits or management attitude may lead to higher turnover. In all of these cases poor labor practices can affect a company’s bottom line and respectively, shareholder value.

  • We do not invest in companies that have patterns of labor law violations or that engage in unfair labor practices.

  • We avoid companies that have poor safety records or consistent patterns of OSHA violations.

  • We favor companies that provide family-friendly benefits, have good relationships with their unions, and offer competitive salaries, benefits and stock options or other forms of profit-sharing, and we favor companies that provide benefits to domestic partners.


Community Relations
Our sustainable investing team evaluates a company’s effect on local and global communities. We favor companies that take a proactive approach to minimizing their negative community impact and/or foster community development. Companies can affect communities in both positive and negative ways - by providing jobs, and supplying products and services, or drawing on natural resources, emitting toxic waste or emissions, among others.

Manufacturers can have adverse material impacts on community health through pollution, community displacement and natural resource depletion (e.g. water use). Service providers also can affect the communities in which they operate. For example, banks can negatively or positively affect local communities through their lending practices. Positive community stewardship, both locally and globally, is an important aspect of corporate social responsibility.

Companies, which minimize their negative community impact and promote positive community stewardship reduce their risk of serious litigation and fines that may threaten shareholder value.

  • We consider each company’s relationship to the communities in which it operates, with particular attention to community concerns with the company facilities and practices.

  • We favor companies that give to their communities, whether it be financial or by encouraging employee volunteerism.


Animal Testing

  • We favor companies that actively research, support, find and use alternatives to animal testing.

  • We avoid companies with a pattern of violations of the Animal Welfare Act.


Learn more. Ask your financial advisor for more information about Sentinel Funds.


 
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Sentinel Funds are distributed by Sentinel Financial Services Company, member FINRA, One National Life Drive, Montpelier, Vermont 05604.